The Lynas facility would be safe since a similar plant in France has operated without disaster, according to Ahmad. — File pic
Rare earth processing plant at Lynas in Gebeng, Pahang has not exhibited any technical glitches, said Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) chief executive officer Dr Ahmad Ibrahim. this above mentioned studies, so that we can critically analyse it. I think you have quoted facts from a few studies or sources. Thank you for the summary, but I do hop you are not “cherry picking” scientific data. It is no secret that the current rare earth processing plants is the worst environmental and human health “offenders” in the World, along with the petrochemical, mining and some power generation industry. ”It was not claimed that a 20 year study in one of the largest rare earth mine, the Bayun Obo mine has shown that inhalation Thorium has proven to cause lung cancer. The number of miners in 2001 were 6,983 of which 3016 were exposed to dense dust in the mine.” But this study cannot exclude crystalline silica (SiO2) in the dust as being the cause of the lung cancers …. This argument is just addressing an area that future studies must look into, but it does not change the fact that the study has associated inhalation of thorium to increase cases of cancer.The correct way to challenge the findings of this 20 year study, the correct way is to find out about studies that examined exposure to crystalline silica (SiO2), and excluded (controlled) exposure to thorium, until you find one such study, then you can conclude that thorium inhalation is not carcinogenic. Again, Malaysians should err to the side of caution, especially when Lynas is asking us to take on maximum risks for minimal benefits towards Malaysians.
How many times does these governmental “science and regulatory” agencies need to be reminded that the processing/purification process of the Lynas Mount Weld ore is not the primary safety / radioactive safety concern for the Gebeng Plant? It is the potentially dangerous accumulation of radioactive waste that is a by-product of the processing that is of major concern, 1 gram of waste might not have the radioactivity to breach the safety threshold, but isn’t it fact that Gebeng is slotted to process tons upon tons of ore, which in turn results in tons upon tons of “slightly radioactive” waste. 1 gram is likely to be safe, but 1 ton of the same wastes definitely going to breach any safety limit. Mind you, there are still concerns about heavy metals, strong acids, contamination of water and other serious environmental consequences besides radioactivity. If Dr Ahmad Ibrahim is adamant on comparing with Rhodia’s La Rochelle in France, he should also be aware that La Rochelle’s waste, which is radioactive, is stored at a NUCLEAR facility (Wikipedia, verified with the quoted references given). In addition, La Rochelles wastes, operation and environmental effects are also monitored by the International Center for Promotion of Enterprises (ICPE) is a UN-sponsored intergovernmental organization, compared with Malaysia? AELB is supposed to regulate, but is a shareholder in Lynas? I am guessing, how many government officials and politicians are also shareholders in Lynas? Finally, Lynas is telling everyone they’re “diluting” its radioactive wastes so that they can spread it around Malaysia as “commercial products” using entirely experimental methods, La Rochelle certainly ain’t doing that, and in industry “dilution” of radioactive wastes is the waste disposal method of last resort, e.g. dumping into the deep sea trench. How about Lynas? commercial products to be spread everywhere! and experimental too. Malaysians are Lynas’s and BN’s guinea pigs it seems.He said there was no obstacle preventing processing works to be carried out at the plant.
“ASM research found that there were no technical problems for Lynas to operate because sources, which would be processed from China and Australia, are the same sources which had been processed at the 50-year factory in France.“Imagine that the factory has operated nearly 50 years in the tourism city, La Rochelle, in France, and is still strong and certified as safe… the factory in Gebeng is using similar technology,” he told Bernama after an interview with Radio 24 at Wisma Bernama here today.Again, quote your references. (1) “The radiation of 6 bq/gm from the weakly radioactive Thorium-232 in the Lynas waste is so low that even IAEA do not consider it significant and as such can be transported without any special permission. ” The brief exposure during transportation CANNOT be equated to sustained exposure to radioactive materials released into the environment or worse lodged in your lungs. (2) “Thorium-232 is considered to be a carcinogen only IF ADMINISTERED INTRAVENOUSLY AS A COLLOIDAL DISPERSION OF THORIUM-232 DIOXIDE. ” References? you mean in animal models? How long is this study conducted? The dangers of radiation exposure and the risks of cancers increases with sustained exposure over the course of years, and depending on the site exposed to radiation. The unnatural increase in cases of cancer and birth defects near and around Bukit Merah (e.g. http://scholar.google.com.my/scholar?q=bukit+merah+radioactive&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5
) is a good case study to reinforce this pointA cruel cancer time bomb is be- ginning to claim some human Thorium to use Not until the 1930s eH Danish doctors notice that given thorotrast The bomb is radioactive ments seemed more susceptible containing t h o r i u to which was given 30 or so years Now medical reports tell of ago to thousands of people in nine persons in different many Doctors didn’t tries who developed a rare know then that such type of liver cancer blamed live stuff could be dangerous jon A few others de- Now some of those cancers at the site of are developing cancers which the blamed on Posse Seizes Mad Slayer Slap Down Of Children Gang Boss to Reduct World Mobster Facos on I Hermit Tells Captors j Contempt Charge Goldfine Accused of Contempt of Congress July New Mexico state police j flying squad today and captured recluse j the drew a contempt July who j has been too smart for are No one knows how many thousands got the Or how many may develop cers in the years to There are optimistic signs the number may fortunately be The latest chapters in the thorium story were reported today to the seventh tional Cancer It be- gan innocently enough in the lata 1920s. RADIOACTIVE SHOT An injection named trast was brought out to help in taking diagnostic X-ray tures of the liver and It contained a heavy metal which collected in those organs and thus outlined vealing picture on X-ray The thorium happened to be shooting out alpha which are speed helium But no one worried about that Thorium also is a ing radioactive ing nearby tissues with tion for a fantastic length of One ounce will radiate for years and half an ounce of the radioactive terial will still be Radioactive atoms that last just short of that time are safe 15 TEARS LATER Liver cancers may be the main kind of tumor from said Drs. William B. J. B. M. zin and L. T. Stedman of the National Naval Medical ter and the University of The liver cancers showed up an average of 15 years after the thorium Prof. Charles M. Gros and his associates ir also reported finding liver cancers which showed up 15 years By special niques they detected thorium and alpha particle radiation in the liver and But Dr. Charles Johansen of Copenhagen told of keeping close tabs on 250 persons who are known to thorium 10 to 20 years So far they do not show an in- creased incidence of cancer over normal In animal tests Johansen found thorium injections will produce tumors one to three years
Although we know about tin slags or tailings from tin mining, which is in fact the raw material used at Bukit Merah, this is the first time I am hearing about tin slags or radioactive tin slags being found in public facilities in Penang. Please post references so that we can scrutinise your claim. What’s more, there is no epidemiological study or data posted on cancer cases in Penang in relation to exposure to “tin slags”, so we cannot draw the conclusion that “tin slags in public facilities in Penang” does not increase the risk of cancer, hence your first claim, “tin slags in public facilities”, needs to be first verified, and your second claim, is intellectual fallacy. At the moment, we can only estimate the risk of health and environmental calamity for the case of Gebeng, to the other experience we had, Bukit Merah, which tells us we should not have blind confidence in governmental assurances or private industry claims, unless they show concrete proof and sign a binding agreement that makes them legally liable for any damage. Although it is commendable that the government (has been forced) to release data about Gebeng and the ore it is slotted to process, it does not change the fact that this data is generated by Lynas and there is really no way of verifying if this data has been “sanitised” to get Lynas a favourable outcome. Hence it is prudent for Malaysians to err on the side caution rather than reckless blind confidence in claims
La Rochelle, of France’s Rhodia group, is a pioneer in the rare earth business in that country.
It is the only integrated industrial company that carries out manufacturing operations and supplies raw materials via the rare earth factory in China.
On June 25, the Parliamentary Select Committee on the Lynas Advanced Materials Project tabled its report at the Dewan Rakyat, recommending that a temporary operating licence be issued to enable the factory to begin operations.
Among others, the report also recommended that the factory could process raw materials in stages and in limited amounts, and be continuously supervised by enforcement agencies. — Bernama
The nuclear accident at Fukushima last year was a “man-made disaster” and not only due to the tsunami, a Japanese parliamentary panel said in its final report on the catastrophe.
“Governments, regulatory authorities and Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO) lacked a sense of responsibility to protect people’s lives and society,” the Diet’s Fukushima Nuclear Accident Independent Investigation Commission said on Thursday.
“They effectively betrayed the nation’s right to be safe from nuclear accidents. Therefore, we conclude that the accident was clearly ‘man-made,” it said.
The six-reactor nuclear plant was damaged after the 11 March 2011 earthquake and tsunami knocked out cooling systems to reactors, leading to meltdowns and the release of radioactivity.
“According to this commission’s study, on March 11, it is believed that the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant was in a vulnerable condition with no guarantee it could withstand earthquakes and tsunamis,” the report said.
The government and plant operator TEPCO have been unwilling to say the reactors could have been damaged by the initial earthquake.
An earlier report by TEPCO had all but cleared the huge utility, saying the size of the earthquake and tsunami was beyond all expectations and could not reasonably have been foreseen.
But the report of the commission said: “Despite having a number of opportunities to take measures, regulatory agencies and TEPCO management deliberately postponed decisions, did not take action or took decisions that were convenient for themselves.”
It also said that had the company had its way, its staff would have been evacuated from the crippled plant and the catastrophe could have spiralled even further out of control.
The findings call for further investigation into the impact of the 9.0 magnitude earthquake – as opposed to the towering tsunami – on the reactors at Fukushima.
Giant waves crippled cooling equipment at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, triggering meltdowns that spewed radioactivity and forced tens of thousands of residents to flee.
The commission said in the past that the Japanese government’s initial response was slow and inadequate because it was unprepared.
The Diet commission, launched in December at the demand of opposition parties, was designed as an alternative to the administration’s investigation into the worst nuclear crisis in a generation.
Kiyoshi Kurokawa, the commission’s chairman, said he was confident that the commission had accomplished a “thorough investigation and verification” process during this time.
Kurokawa also said the report includes a new set of policy proposals that should be “steadily implemented step by step with consistent effort to reform.”
He stressed that it is the responsibility of Diet members to make sure the recommendations are followed.
The commission said it held over 900 hours of hearings and interviewed more than 1100 people during the investigation.
Among those interviewed were Japan’s former Prime Minister Naoto Kan, former Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano, as well as key members from TEPCO.Descendants of Convict to terminate political life of yet be Convict Lynas Corp’s chief executive officer Nicholas Curtis has admitted that he had underestimated the power of social media in mounting resistance against the company’s controversial rare earth plant in Gebang, Kuantan Malaysians in general are not stupid (except those in Perkosa, umNO and other Malay … Read more